Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
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Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society. Other supplementary questions also arose in relation to economic, social and territorial factors that influence the efficiency of a shared management of solid waste and that would be decisive in encouraging and prioritizing access to resources by Law.
These priorities include the reduction of waste generation, reducing final disposal on the ground, maximizing reuse, the selective collection and recycling, composting and energy recovery.
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We got reply with completed questionnaire from 29 Consortia 8 from the Northeast, 14 from the Southeast, and 7 from the South. Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land.
To understand a policy instrument is necessary to understand their characteristics and what it entails in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and equity. The questionnaire was made available on a website for 30 days from May to June In addition, it shows the relevance of the evaluation and makes a proposal on how and what to evaluate in USW management through Public Consortia from the obtained results.
Any policy maker becomes apprehensive in analyzing these results. The PNRS imposes deadlines for the closure of dumpsites and the implementation of proper waste disposal, providing treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives, putting pressure on governments at all levels, especially the municipal, to comply with the new law. Twelve of them reported not having any plan; only seven have a Municipal Integrated Plan and four the Inter-municipal.
Depending on common interests and needs of municipalities, Consortia can meet different objectives or sectors in a single contract, which xecreto reduce administrative costs and increase decreeto cooperation.
In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities.
This was confirmed by the responses of the 29 Consortia analyzed. In recent years, several norms and the National Policy on Solid Waste 1 -PNRS on its Portuguese acronym have provided a legal framework for the solid waste management sector.
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However, considering the low percentage of those who reported having one of the Plans, it is assumed that this is not the case. Elaborated by authors based upon data from: This shows the lack of planning in the creation of Consortia, preventing them from having access to government resources and information of the reality of the sector, its features and the real demand for this type of service.
This is a relevant question from a public policy making point of view. Through these procedures we identified 77 Consortia: Regulamenta a Lei n It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of funding for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia.
The informational gap identified led us to expand the purpose of the work, corroborating the vision of Ethridge to expose that the data and the data collection process can affect how one perceives the problem and how one takes conscience of it.
In this context, these municipalities through regional shared initiatives have sought solutions to meet the requirements of the PNRS, reducing costs and providing shared public services. Financial, economic and technical issues are the main reasons for municipalities to seek a joint solution for their SWM.
However, only eight Consortia out of the 29 signaled the priority of access to resources as an incentive for the formation of Consortia.
Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia.
Six of them did not answer the question. They pointed out some advantages and disadvantages of municipalities deciding to create Consortia for SWM.
One of the biggest challenges decrreto modern society is solving excessive generation and the environmentally safe disposal of solid waste. Upper Saddle River, NJ: The Consortia indicated some reasons for the non-operation: This study identifies the characteristics of Public Consortia, its advantages and disadvantages for urban solid waste management based upon the analysis of 29 Public Consortia in the Northeast, Southeast and South regions of Brazil.
This may make it impossible to plan the construction of regional and shared landfills. Data from the IBGE a confirms that the absence of such analyzes is a dominant reality in Brazilian municipalities, given that only We sought to identify recreto Public 74404 for existing MSWM in Brazil and conduct a case study with 29 Public Consortia, rising, through the answers obtained, the main characteristics and the problems faced by this instrument of the PNRS.
However, this incentive does not ensure the efficiency of Consortia because other variables are involved and there are new possible restrictions on the access to financial resources.
On the other hand, half of the 29 Consortia manifested the need for tax collection as a challenge to cover expenditure on maintaining services.
Contato por e-mail em 27 mai. The international concern in relation to solid wastes, household solid wastes, has increased due to increase in production and to inadequate management and disposal areas. The survey of existing Public Consortia for SWM was conducted from January to May based upon responses received by email, phone contacts, internet searches, review of academic papers on specific Consortia, municipal laws, reports and State Integrated Plans.
Given the nonexistence of data on characteristics.