Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba: le mouridisme, Touba et Diourbel, Sénégal. Responsibility: Alain Juillet. Imprint: [Senegal?]: Editions Alain Juillet, []. Physical. : Le mouridisme dans le web. 68K likes. L’actualité Autrement. Highlights info row image. people follow this. AboutSee All. Highlights info row image. Contact Le mouridisme on Messenger. Highlights info row image.

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Islam is a powerful mobilization instrument and provides the rhetoric for the formulation of ideological movements, and serves as a force for mobilizing people in the pursuit of goals defined by those movements. There is virtually no opposition to the principle of the secular state, socio-political cleavages based on religion, whether between Muslim and non-Muslim or between Sufi orders, are also virtually non-existent.

On the other hand, certain disciples give priority to the quest for material gain as a guarantee of salvation. What is more common is to see them exert their influence over their followers and use this in mouridismme to gain a larger presence in the Senegalese politics.

Even before independence, French colonial administrators recognized that the Mouride brotherhood was well-respected among the Senegalese and partnered with them to promote political and social order.

One such mean is the power the religious leaders have as magicians. People at times confront a choice of which marabout to follow, the level of attachment to that marabout, and the domains or situations in which to follow him.

However, Bamba’s exile fueled legends about his miraculous ability to survive torture, deprivation, and attempted executions, and thousands more flocked to his organization. Amadou Bamba is considered a mujaddid renewer of Islam by his followers, citing a hadith that implies that God will send renewers of the faith every years. Through migration, Senegalese Mourides have managed to effectuate a metamorphosis in the relation between work and prayer centered around one of their founding myths.



Senegal’s Mourides: Islam’s mystical entrepreneurs

Baay Faalmany of whom substitute hard mourixisme and dedication to their marabout for the usual Muslim pieties like salah and sawm. Although recently Mourides have become more involved in the highest level of politics. Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal.

Couty ce serait M. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the lf. The economic-religious ethos and transnationalism among Senegalese Mouride Migrants.

Senegal’s Mourides: Islam’s mystical entrepreneurs – BBC News

This charismatic relationship is reinforced and complemented by a parallel clientelistic relationship between marabout and follower. Islam is central to the political sociology of Senegal: Marabout very rarely themselves participate directly in the political process.

Africa portal Sufism portal. The methods used by the marabout have led to a constant depletion of the forests in Senegal and have taken much of the nutrients out of the soil.


Salvation, he said, comes through submission to the marabout and hard work. Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: Between Marseille and Touba”. Bamba’s followers call him a mujaddid a “renewer of Islam “. At the end of the 19th century, French colonial authorities began to worry about the growing power of the Mouride brotherhood and its potential to resist French colonialism.

This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Transnational projects, post-colonial predicament and deterritorialized nation statesAmsterdam, Gordon and Breach publishers. Abdoulaye Wade who is the immediate former president of Senegal is also a mouriidsme Mouride. It can be a charismatic or a clientelistic relationship. Senegalese politicians have courted the Mouride brotherhood since independence. Marabouts are believed to be the mediators between Allah and the people. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland.


This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat Amadou Bamba was a Muslim mystic and ascetic marabouta spiritual leader who wrote tracts on meditationritualswork, and tafsir.

Marabouts for their part seek to maintain and ensure that the state remains dependant on them for influential control over citizens. Fall reshaped the relation between Mouride talibes disciples and their guide, Amadou Bamba. List of sufis Notable early Notable modern Singers. Sheikh Ibrahima Fall was one of the first of Amadou Bamba’s disciples and one of the most illustrious. Traditional Wolof aristocrats had proven problematic as intermediaries for the colonial authorities, and they hoped that Mouride leaders would be more effective mourridisme legitimate.

The results is that marabouts are expected to provide certain material benefits to their follower in addition to the spiritual ones. Women usually are covered in draping coverings including their heads and occasionally are mouridiske to wear highly decorative handmade jewelry made from household or natural items.

Les logiques de travail chez les Mourides

In summary, a Mouride aspires to achieve Islam mourodisme following the basic recommendations of Shariat. Retrieved from ” https: Many Mourides consider the city of Touba as equally or even more important than Mecca.

The caliph leader of the Mouride brotherhood is known as the Grand Marabout and has his seat in Touba. Daaras are madrassas or quranic schools.

Thus, today there exists migratory routes that also allow spiritual replenishment. Moudidisme modern times the hard labor is often replaced by members roaming the streets asking for financial donations for their marabout. As a result, marabouts confront the problem of recruiting and retaining followers. Lists Literature Kutub al-Sittah.